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Title: Assessment of Jatropha curcas L. biodiesel seed cake toxicity using the Zebrafish Embryo Toxicity (ZFET) Test.
Authors: Cariño, JC Earl D.
Ruiz, Paulo Lorenzo S.
Keywords: Jatropha curcas
Zebrafish embryotoxicity test
Issue Date: Apr-2013
Abstract: Consequent to the growing demand for alternative sources of energy, the seeds from J. curcas remain to be the favorite for biodiesel production. However, a significant volume of the residual organic mass (seed cake) is produced during the extraction process, which raises concerns on safe waste disposal. In the present study, we assessed the toxicity of J.curcas seed cake using the zebrafish embryotoxicity (ZFET) test. Within 1 hpf (hour post-fertilization), the fertilized eggs were exposed to five mass concentrations of J. curcas seed cake and were followed through 24, 48, and 72 hpf. Toxicity was evaluated based on lethal endpoints induced on zebrafish embryos namely egg coagulation, non-formation of somites, and non-detachment of tail. The lowest concentration tested, 1 g/L, was not able to elicit toxicity on embryos whereas 100% mortality (based also on lethal endpoints) was recorded at the highest concentration at 2.15 g/L. The computed LC50 for the J. curcas seed cake was 1.61 g/L. No further increase in mortality was observed in the succeeding time points (48 hpf and 72 hpf) indicating that J. curcas seed cake exerted acute toxicity on zebrafish embryos. Sublethal endpoints (yolk sac and pericardial edema) were noted at 72 hpf in zebrafish embryos exposed to higher concentrations. The observed lethal endpoints induced on zebrafish embryos were discussed in relation to the active principles, notably phorbol esters that have remained in the seed cake even after extraction.
Appears in Collections:BS Biology Theses

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